Cartridge Identification Bibliography

Bibliographies | Reference Books | Companies Doing Historical Archaeology | Funding Sources |
| Library | Historical Archaeology Links | Historical Archaeology Discussion Lists | Historic Maps | Email |

Compiled By Michael A. Pfeiffer
This Version: July 1998

For Correction, Comments, or additions, please contact:

Smoke (Michael A.) Pfeiffer
USDA Forest Service
Ozark-St. Francis National Forests
605 West Main Street
Russellville, Arkansas 72801-3614
(501) 968-2354 Ext.233

E-mail: mpfeiffe/


These references do not include the multitude of cartridge reloading manuals put out by manufacturers of ammunition and reloading components (bullets, powders, primers, brass, molds, sizers, gas checks, ect.). All of those present LOTs of information on cartridge dimensions and other useful information. The researcher may also find of interest the bimonthly (at least it was the last time I held a membership in 1989) publication CARTRIDGES. It is the official journal of the International Cartridge Collectors Association, Inc. The address at that time to contact for back issues was: Madeline Bruemer, 3886 Dawley Road, Ravenna, Ohio 44299. There are also a multitude of articles on cartridge headstamp identification in such magazines and the National Rifleman and Guns and Ammo. The National Rifle Association has cartridge identification articles archived in its GUN TALK BBS. This includes such information as German ordnance codes, U.S. military headstamps, and military munitions coding. Amazingly enough, most of the books and articles referenced in this bibliography do not contain subject bibliographies or references cited sections.

Adkins, Charles R. (1997)
Late 19th and Early 20th Century, Cartridge Case Analysis, in Alaska. M.A. Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

Barber, John L. (1987)
The Rimfire Cartridge in the United States and Canada 1857-1984. Armory Press, Tacoma, WA.

Barnes, Frank C. (1972)
Cartridges of the World (Revised 3rd edition). DBI Books, Northfield, IL.

(1980) Cartridges of the World (Revised 4th edition). DBI Books, Northfield, IL.

Bartlett, W.A., and D.B. Gallatin (1956)
Cartridge Manual: An Illustrated Digest. Pioneer Press, Union City, Tennessee.

Bearse, Ray (1966)
Centerfire American Rifle Cartridges 1892-1963. A.S. Barnes and Co., South Burnswick.

Berkeley, Lewis R. (1968)
Small Arms and Ammunition in the United States Service 1776-1865. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Carmichael, J. (1969)
Wildcats: Why and How. Outdoor Life 152:116.

Conway, Gordon G. (1973)
Small Arms Ammunition. IN: Small Arms In Profile. pp.1-40. Cormak, A.J.R. (editor). Doubleday and Company, Garden City, N.Y.

Datig, Fred A. (1956)
Cartridges For Collectors Vol I (Centerfire). Borden Publishing Comapny, Los Angeles.

(1958) Cartridges For Collectors Vol II. (Centerfire - Rimfire - Patent Ignition). Borden Publishing Co., Los Angeles.

(1967) Cartridges For Collectors Vol III. (Centerfire - Rimfire - plastic). Borden Publishing Company, Alhambra, California.

Dickey, Pete (1983)
How To Find Hard-To-Find Cartridges. American Rifleman 131:26-27,76-9. (April).

Department of the Army (1986)
Field Manual No. 9-13. Ammunition Handbook: A Guide For Ammunition Specialists. (also at

Gilbert, B. Miles (1971)
The Use of X-Rays in Cartridge Identification. Plains Anthropologist 16(53):236-237.

Hackley, F.W., W.H. Woodin, and E.L. Scranton (1967)
History of Modern U.S. Military Small Arms Ammunition, Vol. I: 1880-1939. Macmillan, New York, NY.

Harmon, Dick (1987)
Henry .44-Caliber. Archaeological Insights into the Custer Battle: An Assessment of the 1984 Field Season. edited by Douglas D. Scott and Richard A. Fox, pp. 68-74. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

Heskett, Mike (1991)
U.S. Troopers Weapons of the Philippine Insurrection. Gun Report 37(1):15-25.

Hogg, Ian V. (1982)
The Cartridge Guide. Stackpole Books, Harrisburg, PA.

(1985) The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Ammunition. Chartwell Books, Inc., Secaucas, New Jersey.

Horn, Warren R. (1962)
Headstamps and Cartridge Identification Guide. The Sheldon Press, Burlington Vermont.

Hoyem, George A. (1981)
Historical Development of Small Arms Ammunition (3 vols.). Armory Publications, Tacoma, WA.

Johnston, Andrew J. B. (1981)
Defending Halifax: Ordnance, 1825-1906. History and Archaeology 46. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Keith, Elmer (1936)
Big Game Rifles and Cartridges. Small-Arms Technical Publishing Company, Plantersville, S.C.

Klat, Paul (1981)
American Rimfire Cartridges: Part I. American Rifleman 129(5):48-51,81.

(1981) American Rimfire Cartridges: Part II. American Rifleman 129(6):48-51.

Lenz, Ellis C. (1944)
Muzzle Flashes: Five Centuries of Fire Arms and Men. Standard Publications, Inc., Huntington, W.V.

Lewis, Berkeley R. (1959)
Notes on Ammunition of the American Civil War 1861-1865. The American Ordnance Association, Washington, D.C.

(1960) Small Arms and Ammunition in the United States Service, 1776-1865. Miscellaneous Collections 129. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

(1972) Small Arms Ammunition at the International Exposition Philadelphia, 1876. 11. Studies in History and Technology. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Logan, Hershel C. (1959)
Cartridges: A Pictorial Digest of Small Arms Ammunition. Stackpole Publisher, Harrisburg, PA.

McKee, W. Reid, and Jr. M.E. Mason (1975)
Civil War Projectiles II, Small Arms and Field Artillery. McKee and Mason Publishers.

Marcello, Gerald F. (1975)
30-06 We Have Seen, Vol. II. Privately Published, San Diego. Includes articles of the History of the .30-06 Cartridge and U.S. Army .30-06 Amunition Markings by Konrad F. Schreier, Jr.

Matunas, Edward (1979)
American Ammunition and Ballistics. Winchester Press, Tulsa.

O'Connor, J. (1968)
Postwar Cartridges. Outdoor Life 141 (March):64.

(1969) Changes in Shotgun Shells. Outdoor Life 143 (March):130.

(1972) Cartridge Troubles. Outdoor Life 149:96.

Peterson, Harold L. (1964)
Encyclopedia of Firearms. E.P. Dutton, New York, NY.

Secretary of the Air Force (1978)
Technical Manual, Storage and Maintenance Procedures, Small Arms Ammunition. T.O. 11A13-10-7. Revised 1983. (details ammunition, color coding, accessories, military ordnance codes, etc)

Sheehan, Michael S. (1986)
A Manual for the Identification of Small Arms Ordnance Material. New York State Archaeological Association Bulletin 93:27-50.

Smith, Carlyle S. (1955)
An Analysis of the Firearms and Related Specimens From Like-A-Fishook Village and Fort Berthold I. Plains Anthropologist pp-3-12. July

(1960) Cartridges and Bullets from Fort Stevenson, North Dakota. Plains Anthropologist 1(1):25-29.

Stadt, Ronald (1984)
Winchester Shotguns and Shotshells. Armory Press, Tacoma, WA.

Steward, Frank H. (1969)
Shotgun Shells: Identification, Manufacturers, and Checklist for Collectors. B&P Associates, St. Louis, MO.

Suydam, Charles R. (1960)
The American Cartridge: An Illustrated Study of the Rimfire Cartridge in the U.S. Robert Lawrence, Santa Anna, CA.

(1965) American Pistol and Revolver Cartridges. Part III, Frankford Arsenal Cartridge 1866-1882. The Gun Report 11(2):28-34.

(1965) American Pistol and Revolver Cartridges, Part IV, Rimfire Cartridges. The Gun Report 11(3):12-19.

(1965) American Pistol and Revolver Cartridges, V-c, Centerfire Revolver Cartridges. The Gun Report 11(7):30-39.

(1978) How To Identify Cartridge Headstamps. Guns & Ammo pp.47-48,90-91. February.

(1979) U.S. Cartridges and Their Handguns, 1795-1975. Beinfield Publishing, North Hollywood, CA.

Treadwell, Major T.J. (1873)
Metallic Cartridges as Manufactured and Tested at the Frankford Arsenal, Philadelphia, PA., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Whelen, Townsend (1945)
Small Arms Design and Ballistics Vol.I. Small Arms Technical Publishing Company, Georgetown, S.C.

White, Henry P., and Burton D. Munhall (1950)
Centerfire American and British Pistol and Revolver Cartridges. Combat Forces Press. Washington, D.C.

White, Henry P., and Burton D. Munhall (1963)
Cartridge Headstamp Guide. H.P. White Laboratory, Bel Air, MD.

For Correction, Comments, or additions, please contact:

Smoke (Michael A.) Pfeiffer
USDA Forest Service
Ozark-St. Francis National Forests
605 West Main Street
Russellville, Arkansas 72801-3614
(501) 968-2354 Ext.233

E-mail: mpfeiffe/

This page © Michael Pfeiffer 1998. All rights reserved.
This bibliography hosted by