Concrete Block Machines and Buildings

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Compiled By Adrian S. White and David Moyer
This Version: May 2002


For Corrections, Comments, or additions, please contact:

David Moyer, RPA
Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist
700 Clinton Street Building
University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA 52240
Phone: (319) 335-5702
Email: david-moyer@uiowa.edu


THE EARLY PERIOD OF INVENTION: 1905-1918

Adrian S. White

Association of American Portland Cement Manufacturers
(1911) Factories and Warehouses of Concrete. American Portland Cement Association, Philadelphia.

(1915) Manual Training Course in Concrete. American Portland Cement Association, Philadelphia.

(n.d.) The Concrete House and Its Construction. American Portland Cement Association, Philadelphia.

Atlas Portland Cement Company
(1906) Concrete Country Residences. Atlas Portland Cement Company, New York.

(1906) Concrete Construction About the Home and On The Farm. Atlas Portland Cement Company, New York.

Banning, Kendall
(1906) Two Concrete Residences. The Cement Age 2:705-709.

Bradley, A. T.
(1906) Concrete Block Architecture. Concrete 6(2):21-23.

Cameron, DeLancey A.
(1907) Concrete Country Houses. The Cement Age 5(6):372-378.

Campbell, H. Colin, and Walter F. Beyer
(1917) Practical Concrete Work. The Manual Arts Press, Peoria, Illinois.

Carpentry and Building
(1906) Cement Coated Residence with Hollow Block Foundations. Carpentry and Building 28(July):260-261.

(1907) Hollow Concrete Block Residence at Bay Ridge, Ohio. Carpentry and Building 28(Feb.):35-39.

(1907) Concrete Block Office Building. Carpentry and Building 28(Aug.):255-258.

(1908) Dwelling of Cement Block Construction. Carpentry and Building 29(Jan.):1-5.

(1908) A Concrete Block Church at Central City, Kentucky. Carpentry and Building 29(Sept.):291-295.

Concrete
(1906) Concrete Blocks Make Good Building Material, 6(1):18-19.

(1906) Concrete Work in the West, 6(3):19-21.

(1906) Striking Example of Concrete Blockwork, 6(3):23.

(1906) A Criticism of Concrete Block Architecture, 6(3):24-25.

(1906) Tried by Fire and Acquitted, 6(3):36.

(1906) High-Water Mark in Block Construction, 6(5):19-21.

(1906) Block Houses for Cleveland, 6(5):27.

(1906) High-Priced House of Concrete Blocks, 6(6): 51.

(1907) Concrete Builders Make a Class by Themselves, 7(1):31.

(1907) Concrete Residences Wholesale at St. Louis, Mo, 7(1):31.

(1907) Old Houses of Concrete Block, 7(1):56.

(1907) A Great Inventor's Concrete Blocks, 7(1):58.

(1907) Manufacture of Concrete Blocks on a Large Scale, 7(3):27-29.

(1907) Concrete Work at Waterloo, Iowa, 7(4):30-32.

(1907) Hotel of Concrete Block, at Elizabeth, New Jersey. 7(4):35.

(1907) A Modern Concrete Block Apartment House in the Suburbs, 7(5):21-22.

(1907) A Remarkable Church of Concrete Block at Decatur, Ill. 7(5):36-37.

(1907) Striking Triumph for Fireproof Block Construction, 7(6):37.

(1907) Believer's in Concrete are Strong in Monroe, Mich, 7(7):28-29.

(1907) Concrete Block for Porches and Architectural Ornaments, 7(7):31-32, 57-58.

(1907) A Concrete Block House with Sixty-Five Designs of Faces, 7(12):45.

(1908) Villa at Paisley Scotland, Constructed of Concrete Block, 8(1):44.

(1908) Design for a Concrete Block House, Two Stories, To Cost $1,538, 8(4):28-30.

(1908) Workingman's Cottage Constructed of Hollow Concrete Block, 8(4):31-32.

(1908) The Development of Design in Concrete Building Block, 8(5):26-28.

(1908) Handsome and Commodious Concrete Block House Costing Less Than $5,000, 8(5):29-32.

(1908) A Suburban House Constructed of Hollow Concrete Blocks, 8(5):33-35.

(1908) Cottage in Attractive Design Built of Block at Low Cost, 8(5):36-38.

(1908) Cottage of Concrete Block, Erected at a Cost of $900, 8(6):24-26.

(1908) Homelike Dwelling Erected Cheaply of Hollow Concrete Block, 8(6):27-29.

(1908) Swiss Chalet Constructed of Hollow Concrete Building Block, 8(7):29-31.

(1908) Honesty of Manufacture and-Good Appearance in Concrete Products, 8(7):33-34.

(1908) Mission Cottage Executed in Concrete Block and Plaster Finish, 8(8):26-29.

(1908) Hollow Concrete Building Block Residence, Rough-Cast Finish, 8(8):30-32.

(1909) Some Unusual Examples of Concrete Block Work, 9(8):42-45.

De Kay, Charles
(1905) Concrete In Its Modern Form and Uses. Craftsman 8(6):761-765.

Dykema, F. L.
(1905) Specifications for Concrete Block and Brick. Carpentry and Building 28.

Ekblaw, K. J. T.
(1917) Farm Concrete. The Macmillan Company, New York.

Elzner, A. 0.
(1907) The Artistic Treatment of Concrete. Concrete 7(2):29-30.

Greenman, Russell S.
(1909) Stucco, Hollow Block and Monolithic Construction in Building. Concrete 9(6):31-34.

Hayne, W. G.
(1905) The Manufacture of Concrete Blocks and Their Use Building Construction. The Cement Age 2(8):559.

(1906) Ornamental Work in Concrete Construction. The Cement Age 2(7):560-566.

Humphrey, Richard L.
(1906) Development in The Uses of Cement. The Cement Age 2(9):636-641.

Kidder, F. E.
(1905) Methods of Concrete Building Construction. Carpentry and Building, 27:263-264.

Ladnek, I. M.
(1906) Homes of Concrete. The Cement Age 2(10):698-704.

Larned, E. S.
(1907) The Regulation and Control of Cement Block Construction. Concrete 7(10):19-24.

Laughlin, A. H.
(1907) Concrete Block Construction. Concrete 7(3):19-20, 49-51.

Lay, David
(1906) A Concrete Block House. The Cement Age 3(1):36-39.

(1907) The Use of Concrete for Cottage Building. The Cement Age 4(4):250-252

Martin, Clarence A.
(1908) Details of Building Construction. Bates and Guild Company, Boston, Mass.

The Miles Mfg. Co.
(1910) The Miles Wet Process Concrete Machinery, 1910 Catalogue, Jackson, Michigan.

Miracle, O. U.
(1905) Position of the Block Machine Manufacturer Relative To The Public. The Cement Age 2(3):159-163.

Moyer, Albert
(n.d.) Concrete Buildings and Their Architectural Possibilities. Vulcanite Portland Cement Company Land Title Building, Philadelphia.

Newberry, S. B.
(n.d.) Hollow Concrete Block Building Construction. Concrete Publishing Company, Detroit.

(1905) Hollow Concrete Block Building Construction. The Cement Age 2(4):237-250.

(1906) Architects and Concrete Building Blocks. The Cement Age 2(3):157-161.

Pallisec, Charles
(1909) Practical Concrete Blockmaking. Industrial Publication Company, Detroit.

Palmer, Noyes F.
(1906) Concrete Building Block Walls. The Cement Age 3(7):496-505.

(1905) The Manufacture of Concrete Block and Their Use in Building Construction. The Cement Age 2(7).

Parson, Frederick
(1906) The Concrete Cottage as the House Beautiful. The Cement Age 3(2).

Peterson, Jens C.
(1907) A Cozy Colonial Cottage Made of Concrete Block. Concrete 7(5):23.

(1907) Common Sense Suggestions For Securing Better Work. Concrete 7(11):28-30.

Powell, L. B
(1905) Hollow Concrete Building Blocks Their Manufacture and Use. Scientific American 5 Aug., p.101.

Price, William L.
(1906) Concrete as a Building Material. The Cement Age 3(3).

Reed, Homer A.
(1907) Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Construction. Myron C. Clark Publishing Company, New York.

Rice, Harmon H.
(1905) The Manufacture of Concrete Block and Their Use in Building Construction. The Cement Age 2(5):308-321.

(1906) Concrete Block Manufacture. John Willey and Sons, New York.

(1906) The Evolution of the Concrete Block in Residence Construction. Concrete 6(6):17-20, 43-44.

(1907) The Utility of Concrete Block Construction. Concrete 7(11):21-23.

Richey, H. G.
(1905) The Manufacture of Concrete Block and Their Use in Building Construction. The Cement Age 2(6):389-409.

Sabin, Louis Carlton
(1907) Cement and Concrete. Stanhope Press, F. H. Gibson Company, Boston.

Schroeder, Joseph J., Jr., editor
(1908) Sears, Roebuck & Co. Catalogue, No. 117, reprint. DBI Books, Northfield, IL.

Seaton, Roy A., M.S.
(1918) Concrete Construction for Rural Communities. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Sloan, Maurice M.
(1912) The Concrete House and its Construction. The Association of American Portland Cement Manufacturers, Philadelphia.

Smith, J. Augustine
(1909) Present and Future of Cement Block, Manufacturer's and Cost. Concrete 9(2):59-61.

Steele, W. O.
(1908) The Story of My Cement Block House. Carpentry and Building 29(April): .

Torrance, Wm. M.
(1905) The Manufacture of Concrete Blocks and Their Use in Building Construction. The Cement Age 2:322-349.

Universal Portland Cement Company
(1909) Plans for Concrete Residences. Information Bureau Universal Portland Cement Association, Chicago.

(1911) Concrete Silos. Information Bureau Universal Portland Cement Association, Chicago.

Walsh, George E.
(1907) A Fireproof Garage of Cement Block Construction. Carpentry and Building 28(Nov.):337-340.

Watson, Charles D. C. E.
(1906) Manufacture Stone. The Cement Age 2(12): .

Wilkes, Paul
(1905) Review of How to Manufacture Concrete Hollow Block. Carpentry and Building 27(June):87.


THE RECENT PAST: 1939-1999

David Moyer

Architectural Forum
(1939) The Lowly Concrete Block Gets its First Taste of Standardization. Architectural Forum 70(5):367-377.

Bergmann, Richard, and Karen Donnely
(1995) Foster's Building Block. Building Renovation Spring, p. 52.

Cotton, J. Randall
(1984) Ornamental Concrete Block Houses. Old House Journal 12(8):165, 180-183.

(1995) Return to Concrete Block Houses. Old House Journal 23(2):32-39.

Gillespie, Ann
(1973) The "Miracle" and the "Wizard": Preliminary Notes on Concrete Building Block Machines. APT Bulletin 5(2):66-71.

(1979) Early Development of the Artistic Concrete Block: The Case of the Boyd Brothers. APT Bulletin 11(2):30-52.

Heckendorn, Dale
(1997) Ornamental Concrete Block Buildings in Colorado, 1900 to 1940. National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation Form. Colorado Historical Society, Denver.

Newton, Howard J., editor
(1976) A Selection of Historic American Papers on Concrete, 1876-1926. American Concrete Institute, Detroit [from Adrian S. White].

Prudon, Theodore H. M.
(1989) Simulating Stone, 1860-1940. APT Bulletin 21(3-4):79-91.

Simpson, Pamela
(1989) Cheap, Quick, and Easy: The Early History of Rockfaced Concrete Block Building. In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture, III, Thomas Carter and Bernard L. Herman, editors, pp. 108-119. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.

(1995) Blocks Like Rock. Building Renovation Spring, pp. 49-53.

Simpson, Pamela H.
(1999) Cheap, Quick, & Easy: Imitative Architectural Materials, 1870-1930. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.

Simpson, Pamela H., Harry J. Hunderman, and Deborah Slaton
(1995) Concrete Block. In 20th Century Building Materials, Thomas C. Jester, editor, pp. 80-85. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Stephenson, Margaret Long
(1979) The Origins of Concrete Block and Artificial Stone in Nineteenth Century America. Master's thesis, Department of Architectural History, University of Virginia.


PARTIAL LIST OF CONCRETE BLOCK MACHINE COMPANIES

Adrian S. White

COLORADO

Denver
American Hydraulic Stone Company
The Underwood Building Block and Machine Company

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Washington
Harman S. Palmer Company

ILLINOIS

Bradley
Burrel Manufacturing Company

Chicago
A. D. Mackey and Company
The Brandell Concrete Block Machine Company
W. E. Dunn and Company

Dallas City
Star Cement Block Machine Company

Joliet
Buckeye Engine and Foundery Company

Urbana
Somers Bros.

INDIANA

Auburn
Hoosier Manufacturing Company

Indianapolis
Goodwin Cement Block Company

South Bend
Ideal Concrete Machinery Company

Terre Haute
Pettyjohn Company

IOWA

Rock Rapids
Anchor Concrete Stone Company

Waterloo
Iowa Building Block Machine Company
Stewart Cement Block Company

KANSAS

Kansas City
Davis Concrete Block Machine

Wichita
Wichita Coal and Material Company

MARYLAND

Baltimore
Fisher Hydraulic Stone and Machinery Company

MICHIGAN

Adrian
Kells Foundry and Machine Company

Alma
The Schwartz Concrete Block Machine, F. J. Schwartz

Alpena
Besser Mfg. Company

Bay City
National Cement Machine Company

Detroit
Architectural Mold Company
The Calkins Company

Grand Haven
C. E. Stokoe

Jackson
Cement Machinery Company
Eureka Machine Company
P. B. Miles Manufacturing Company or the Miles Mfg. Co. Inc.
Simplex Manufacturing Company
Stringer Machine Company

Sturgis
J. R. Kirkpatrick

MINNESOTA

Minneapolis
Ames Manufacturing Company
The Flour City Cement Block and Machine Company
Miracle Pressed Stone Co.

NEW YORK

Delevan
Nurock Machine Company

New York City
Miracle Pressed Stone Company

Rochester
Atlas Cement Machinery Company
Enterprise Foundry Company
The Hercules Century Cement Machine Company

OHIO

Ashland
The Ashland Steel Range and Manufacturing Company

Cleveland
The Standard Sand and Machine Company

Columbus
The Francisco Automatic Block Machine Company
Hayden Automatic Block Machine Company
United Cement Machinery Manufacturing Company

Findley
Sanford and Paister

Leipsic
The American Foundry Company

Springfield
Reed Manufacturing Company

Toledo
Multiplex Concrete Machine Company

WISCONSIN

Milwaukee

National Building Block Machinery Company
National Concrete Machinery Co.


Assembled with help from Roderick Sprague.

For Corrections, Comments, or additions, please contact:

David Moyer, RPA
Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist
700 Clinton Street Building
University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA 52240
Phone: (319) 335-5702
Email: david-moyer@uiowa.edu

This page © David Moyer, 2002. All rights reserved.
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