Historic and Pre-Historic Native Smoking Pipe Bibliography

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Compiled By Michael A. Pfeiffer
This Version: 21 January 1999


For Correction, Comments, or additions, please contact:

Smoke (Michael A.) Pfeiffer
USDA Forest Service
Ozark-St. Francis National Forests
605 West Main Street
Russellville, Arkansas 72801-3614
(501) 968-2354 Ext.233

E-mail: mpfeiffe/r8_ozark@fs.fed.us


Ahlstrom, Richard Mather (1979)
Prehistoric Pipes - A Study of the Reeve Village Site, Lake County, Ohio. American Indian Books, St. Louis, MO.

Asch, David L. (1991)
Tobacco Seeds in the Archeobotanical Collections of the Center for American Archaeology. Center for American Archaeology Laboratory Report No. 82. On file, CAA, Kampsville, Illinois

Barka, Norman F. (1968)
A Polished Stone Pipe From Lancaster County, Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 23(1):50-51

Barka, Norman F., and Anne Barka (1976)
Archaeology and the Fur Trade: The Excavation of Sturgeon Fort, Saskatchewan. History and Archaeology 7:83-85, 187. Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Beauchamp, William M. (1882)
Indian Pipes. American Antiquarian 4(4):326-329.

Bottoms, Edward (1963)
An Effigy Pipe From Hertford County, North Carolina. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 17(3):49

Boyle, David (1904)
Stone and Brass Smoking Pipes. Annual Archaeological Report for Ontario for 1903:57,91.

Brasser, T.J. (1980)
Self-Directed Pipe Effigies. Man in the Northeast 19:95-104.

Brown, Ian W. (1989)
The Calumet Ceremony in the Southeast and Its Archaeological Manifestations. American Antiquity 54:311-331.

Brown, J. E. (1954)
The Sacred Pipe. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Carmichael, P. (1982)
Unusual Artifact from the Northern Plains Periphery. Plains Anthropologist 27:327-328.

Carter, John G. (1938)
The Northern Arapaho Flat Pipe and the Ceremony of Covering the Pipe. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 119, Anthropological Papers, No. 2.

Cecil, John, and Joseph R. Thomasson (1988)
The Case of the Phony Stone Smoking Pipes. Explorer 30:27-30. Cleveland Museum of Natural History.

Chandler, C.K. (1990)
A Stone Pipe From the Lower Pecos Region of Val Verde County, Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 17(4):31-34.

(1992) Additional Stone Pipes From the Lower Pecos River in Val Verde County, Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 19(2):34-37.

(1993) An Engraved Stone Pipe from Kerr County, Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 20(1):9-11.

(1994) An Incised Stone Pipe From Uvalde County, Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 21(3):22-24.

(1995a) Stone Pipes From Bexar County, Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 22(1):6-11.

(1995b) A Ceramic "T"-Shaped Pipe From Kerr County, South Central Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 22(3):24-28.

(1996) Stone Pipes from Falcon Reservoir. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 23(2):44-47.

(1997) Tubular Stone Pipes and Pipe Fragments From the Lower Rio Grande of Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 24(4):11-25.

Chandler, C.K., and James B. Boyd (1995)
A Decorated Stone Pipe From Val Verde County, Texas. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 22(3):35-37.

Chandler, C.K., and Don Kumpe (1994)
Tubular Stone Pipes from the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Journal of the Southern Texas Archaeological Association La Tierra 21(3):14-21.

Chapdelaine, Claude (1982)
Les pipes à plate-forme de la Pointe-du-Buisson: un système d'échanges à définir. Recherches amérindiennes au Québec, 12 (3):207-215.

(1992) The Mandville Site: A Small Iroquoian Village and a Large Smoking-Pipe Collection - An Interpretation. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:31-40. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

(1992) Des «cornets d'argile» iroquoiens aux «pipes de plâtre» européennes. Communication given at the «Transferts culturels en Amérique et ailleurs (XVIe-XXe siècle)» Symposium, Musée de la Civilisation, Québec.

Cummings, Linda Scott (1991)
Examination of Modern Tobacco Pollen Contamination and Identification of Prehistoric Tobacco Pollen in Southwestern Colorado. Paper presented at the 56th Annual Meetings, Society for American Archaeology, New Orleans, LA. MS on file, Paleoresearch Laboratories, Denver, CO.

Dixon, Roland B., and John B. Stetson, Jr. (1922)
Analysis of Precolumbian Pipe Dottels. American Antropologist 24(2).

Fenton, William N. (1953)
The Iroquoian Eagle Dance: An Offshoot of the Calumet Dance. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology , Bulletin 156: 1-222.

Figley, Charles R. (1966)
Westward Ho! In 3WH4. The Arkansas Archaeologist 7(3):46-50. (Describes two prehistoric tobacco pipes: one limestone crounching animal effigy and one clay pipe with incised decoration.)

Finter, Carlton (1947)
Some Aboriginal Pipes From The Shenandoah Valley. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 3(1):7-11.

Fitzgerald, William R. (1982)
Pipes (Chapter 4). Lest the Beaver Run Loose: The Early 17th Century Christianson Site and Trends in Historic Neutral Archaeology. National Museum of Man Mercury Series Paper 3:153-164. Ottawa. (Note: Despite the title, late prehistoric clay and stone pipes.)

Fowler, William S. (1943)
Pipe Stem Theory. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 13(2):39-41. (Note: This is a short discussion on the manufacture of prehistoric pipestems.)

Frison, George C. and Zola Vannorman (1992)
Carved Steatite and Sandstone Tubes: Pipes for Smoking or Shaman's Paraphrenalia. ms. in possession of the author.

Galloway, Gene (1978)
A Pre-Civil War Catlinite Pipe and Associated Trade Material from Southeastern Wyoming. The Museum of the Fur Trade Quarterly 14(1):2-6.

Gilliam, Charles Edgar (1958)
Orinoco Tobacco - Fine Tobacco: Its Powhatan Origin. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 13(1).

Haberman, Thomas W. (1984)
Evidence for Aboriginal Tobacco in Eastern North America. American Antiquity 49(2): 269-287.

Hamilton, Henry W. (1967)
Tobacco Pipes of the Missouri Indians. Missouri Archaeological Society, Memoir 5.

Hauser, Judith A. (1985)
Micmac Pipes From Fort Michilimackinac. Ms. on file, Mackinac Island State Park Commission, Lansing, Michigan.

Hayes, Charles F., III, Connie Cox Bodner, and Martha L. Sempowski (editors) (1992)
Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22. Rochester, New York.

Heiser, Charles (1992)
On Possible Sources of the Tobacco of Prehistoric Eastern North America. Current Anthropology 33(1):54-56.

Holy Dance, Robert (1970)
The Seven Pipes of the Dakota Souix. Plains Antrhopologist 15(48):81-82

Hosbach, Richard E. (1992)
A Gyneco-Android Subset of Native Iroquoian El Rancho Pipes: A New Pipe Designation with the Philosophical Concept of Sexual Duality as Its Basic Motif. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:83-96. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Jackson, A.T. (1933)
Indian Pipes of East Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archaeological and Paleontological Society 5:69-86.

(1940) Tubular Pipes and Other Tubes in Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Archaeological and Paleontological Society 12: 99-137.

Janiger, O., and M. Dobkins de Rios (1976)
Nicotiana an Hallucinogen? Economic Botany, no. 30, pp. 149-51.

Johnson, Arthur F. (1960)
An Unusual Steatite Pipe. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 15(1):7

Johnson, Eldon (1955)
A Human Effigy Pipe from North Dakota. Plains Anthropologist 2(5):11-12.

Johnson, Larry Dean (1979)
The Hercules Site, Alleghany County, Virginia. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 33(4):141-147

Jolly, Fletcher, III (1973)
A Catlinite Disk Pipe and Associated Vessels from Lowland Eastern Arkansas. Arkansas Archeologist 14(1):1-12.

Kapches, Mima (1980)
Iroquois Effigy Rattle Pipes. Ontario Archaeology 33:59-68.

(1992) "Rude but Perfect" (Beauchamp 1899): A Study of Miniture Smoking Pipes in Iroquoia. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:71-82. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Kiernan, Victor Gordon (1991)
Tobacco : A History. Hutchinson Radius, London.

King, J. C. H. (1977)
Smoking Pipes of the North American Indian. London, British Museum Publications Ltd.

Knight, Vernon J., Jr. (1975)
Some Observations Concerning Plant Materials and Aboriginal Smoking in Eastern North America. Journal of Alabama Archaeology 21(2):120-144.

Kroeber, Alfred Louis (1941)
Salt, Dogs, Tobacco. University of California Anthropological Papers 6(1), Berkeley. (Reprinted in 1976 by Krauss Reprint, Millwood, N.Y.)

Linton, Ralph (1924)
Use of Tobacco Among North American Indians. Field Museum of Nathural History, Anthropology Leaflet 15.

Martijn, Charles A. (1989)
Tobacco and the Iroquois=L'Iroquois et le tabac. Tewaterihwarenia'tha, The Journal of Kanien'kehaka Raotitiokwa Cultural Center, 4-7. (This is published by the Kahnawake Mohawks and is probably almost impossible to find)

Mathews, Zena P. (1976)
Huron Pipes and Iroquoian Shamanism. Man in the Northeast 12:15-31.

(1980) Of Man and Beast: The Chronology of Effigy Pipes among Ontario Iroquoians. Ethnohistory 27(4):295-307.

(1981a) Janus and Other Multiple-Image Iroquoian Pipes. Ontario Archaeology 35:3-22.

(1981b) The Identification of Animals on Ontario Iroquois Pipes. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 5:31-48.

(1982) On Dreams and Journeys: Iroquoian Boat Pipes. American Indian Art 7(3):46-51, 80.

Mathews, Washington (1903)
Was Willow Bark Smoked by Indians? American Anthropologist 5.

McCary, Ben C. (1954)
Artistic Efforts Of Virginia Indians As Shown On Two Pipe Fragments. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 9(1):14-15.

McGuire, Joseph D. (1899)
Pipes and Smoking Customs of the American Aborigines. Annual Report of the United States National Museum for 1896-97. pp. 351-645. Washington.

McLachlan, R. W. (1875)
Indian Stone Pipes. The Canadian Antiquarian and Numismatic Journal 4 (1): 15-22.

Morris, Dan (1956)
Bedford Mound Beaver Pipe. Central States Archaeological Journal 2:157.

Murry, Robert A. (1965a)
A Brief Survey of the Pipes and Smoking Customs of the Indians of the Northern Plains. The Wyoming Archaeologist 8(2):1-29. Reprinted from the Minnesota Archaeologist 24(1).

(1965b) The Minnesota Pipestone Quarries. The Wyoming Archaeologist 8(2):30-31.

(1965c) Some Notes on Pipe-Making Stone and Place Names In and Near the Plains. The Wyoming Archaeologist 8(2):32-34. Reprinted from the 1963 Minnesota Archaeologist 25(4).

Noble Willaim C. (1979)
Ontario Iroquois Effigy Pipes. Journal Canadien d'Archeologie 3:69-90.

(1992) Neutral Iroquois Smoking Pipes. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:41-50. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Otto, Martha Potter (1992)
A Prehistoric Menagerie: Ohio Hopewell Effigy Pipes. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:1-14. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Paper, Jordan (1992)
The Iroquoian and Pan-Indian Sacred Pipes: Comparative Ritual and Symbolism. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:163-170. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Pawson, Michael (1969)
Clay Tobacco Pipes In The Knowles Collection. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 23(3):115-147

Pendergast, James F. (1992)
Some Notes on Ceramic Smoking Pipes from St. Lawrence Iroquoian Archaeological Sites. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:51-70. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Pilhower, Charles A. (1934)
Indian Pipes and the Use of Tobacco in New Jersey. The Archaeological Society of New Jersey Leaflet 3. Trenton.

Pulliam, Christopher B. (1989)
Tobacco Use at the Burkemper 2 Site (23LN104): A Middle and Late Woodland Occupation in Eastern Missouri. Missouri Archaeologist 47:233-239.

Rice, Orleanas L., Jr. (1974)
A Catlinite Disk Pipe Find: Salvage Archaeology at 40MR12. Central States Archaeological Journal 21(4).

Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (1955)
Kinnikinnik. Lore 6(1). Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee Wisconsin.

Robicsek, Francis (1978)
The Smoking Gods: Tobacco in Maya Art, History, and Religion. Forward by Michael D. Coe and Barbara A. Goodnight. 1st edition. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Russell, Howard S. (1980)
Tobacco. In Indian New England Before The Mayflower. pp. 158-164. University Press of New England, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Rutsch, Edward S. (1973)
Smoking Technology of the Aboriginies of the Iroquois Area of New York State. Fairllleigh Dickinson University Press, Rutherford, New Jersey.

Sigstad, John S. (1968)
The Catlinite Age and Distribution Project. Museum Graphic 20(3):3-6.

Skinner, Alonson (1925)
Some Seneca Tobacco Customs. Indian Notes 2(2). Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York.

Smith, David G. (1992)
Stylistic Variation in Middleport Smoking Pipes. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:15-30. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Smith, J. L. (1964)
A Ceremony for the Preperation of the Offering Cloths for Presentation to the Sacred Calf Pipe of the Teton Sioux. Plains Anthropologist 9(25):190-196.

(1967) A Short History of the Sacred Calf Pipe Bundle of the Teton Dakota. Museum News 28(7-8).

(1970) The Sacred Calf Pipe Bundle: It's Effect on the Present Teton Dakota. Plains Anthropologist 15(48):87-93.

Switzer, R. R. (1969)
Tobacco, Pipes, and Cigarettes of the Prehistoric Southwest. El Paso Archaeological Society Special Report 8.

Turbowitz, Neal L. (1992)
Thanks, But We Prefer to Smoke Our Own: Pipes in the Great Lakes-Riverine Region During the Eighteenth Century. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:97-112. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

Turnbaugh, William A. (1975)
Tobacco, Pipes, Smoking And Rituals Among The Indians Of The Northeast. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 30(2):59-72

(1992) Post Contact Smoking Development: The Narragansett Example. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:133-124. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

von Garnet, Alexander D. (1988)
The Transculturation of the Amerindian Pipe/Tobacco/Smoking Complex and Its Impact on the Intellectual Boundaries Between "Savagery" and "Civilization", 1535-1935. Ph.D. Dissertation, McGill University, Montreal.

(1992) Hallucinogens and the Origins of the Iroquoian Pipe/Tobacco/Smoking Complex. In Proceedings of the 1989 Smoking Pipe Conference: Selected Papers. Rochester Museum & Science Center Research Records 22:171-185. Hayes, C. F., III, C. Bodner, and M. L. Sempowski (eds). Rochester, New York.

von Gernet, Alexander D., and Peter A. Timmins (1987)
Pipes and Parakeets: Constructing Meaning in an Early Iroquoian Context. In Archaeology as Long-Term History, Ian Hodder ed., Cambridge University Press, pp. 31-42.

Wagner, Gail E. (1991)
Tobacco in Prehistoric Eastern North America. Paper presented at the 56th Annual Meeting, SAA, April 24-28, 1991. New Orleans.

Wallace, R. G., and W. Forbes R. Brown (1963) Three Micmac Pipes of North Central Saskatchewan. Plains Anthropologist 8(21):167-169.

Weber, Joann Cynthia (1970)
Types and Attributes in the Study of Iroquois Pipes. Ph.D. Disertation, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

(1971) Types and Attributes in Iroquois Pipes. Man in the Northeast 2:51-65.

West George A. (1934)
Tobacco Pipes and Smoking Customs of the North American Indians. Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Milwaukee 17 (2 vols.).

Whitthoft, John (1949)
Stone Pipes of the Historic Cherokees. Southern Indian Studies 1:43-62.

Whitthoft, John, H. Schoff and C. F. Wray (1953)
Micmac Pipes, Vase shaped Pipes and Calumets. Pennsylvania Archaeologist No. 6: 15-16.

Wilson, James S., and Elaine Pendree (1984)
Further Tubular PIpes from the Northern Plains Periphery. Plains Anthropologist 29(106):339-342.

Winfree, R. Westwood (1969)
Comparative Material: A Comment Upon Indian Brown Clay Pipes. Quarterly Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of Virginia 24(1):79

Woolfrey, Sandra, Prince Chitwood, and Norman E. Wagner (1976)
Who Made the Pipes? A Study of Decorative Motifs on Middleport Pipe and Pottery Collections. Ontario Archaeology 27:3-12.

Wray, Charles F. (1956)
Seneca Tobacco Pipes. New York State Archaeological Association Bulletin 6:15-16.

(1969) Stone Pipes of the New York State Indians. Lapidary Journal 23(3):492-498.

Zivy, Pierre (1965)
Le tabac : son histoire et son bon usage. Union generale d'editions, collection Le monde en 10-18, no. 270/271, Paris.


Pipe Tomahawks

Burke, R. P. (1931)
Pipe Tomahawk. Arrow Points 19:5-6. Alabama Anthropological Society, Montgomery.

Courville, Cyril B. (1963)
Trade Tomahawks. Southwestern Museum Leaflets 30. Los Angeles.

Flaskerd, George (1948)
Minnesota Trade Tomahawk Pipe. Minnesota Archaeologist 14(2):42.

Fowler, William S. (1952)
Trade Tomahawks. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 13(2):23-27.

Peterson, Harold L. (1965)
American Indian Tomahawks. Contributions From the Museum of The American Indian Heye Foundation 29.

Phort, Richard A. (1957)
The Iron Trade Axe and Tomahawk in Michigan. Michigan Archaeologist 3(2):28-31.

Smith, Donald B. (1984)
Historic Peace-Pipe. The Beaver 315(1):4-7.

Pre-Historic and Historic Native American Pipes and Tobacco on the Internet

1. L.A. Martin Collection: Native American Pipes.
http://www.wvlc.wvnet.edu/wvarl/pipes/pipeindex.html

2. Traditional Native American Tobacco Seed Bank and Education Program (TNAT)
http://www.unm.edu/~jwinter/tnat.htm


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I am grateful to Chris J.-Anderson (Ottawa Ministry of Citizenship, Culture & Recreation) for editorial help in the first edition of this bibliography. Additional references have been supplied by Lyle Browning (Past President-Archaeological Society of Virginia) , Michael Kyte (BLM, Montana)and Daniel St-Arnaud (Universite de Montreal & Archeo-Richelieu Foundation).


For Correction, Comments, or additions, please contact:

Smoke (Michael A.) Pfeiffer
USDA Forest Service
Ozark-St. Francis National Forests
605 West Main Street
Russellville, Arkansas 72801-3614
(501) 968-2354 Ext.233

E-mail: mpfeiffe/r8_ozark@fs.fed.us

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